Fernand Léger was born on February 4, 1881, in Argentan, France. Originally he trained as an apprentice in architecture in Caen and was working as a draughtsman. He studied at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs and the Academie Julian in Paris France. A prominent French artist, he is known for his work as a painter, illustrator, stage designer, draughtsman, ceramicist and textile designer. His early work was influenced by Impressionism and Fauvism. Later he experimented with Cubism, developing his own style called “tubism”. After World War I in which he participated, he expanded his work with set designs, book illustration and films. In 1924, he opened his own school for art. His later work reflects his interest in machinery, speed and movement. At the onset of World War II, he left for the United States and returned to France in 1946. In the course of 1950s, he further expanded his work venturing into stained tapestry, pottery, stained glass and mosaics. His first solo exhibition took place in 1912 at the Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris, France. He was awarded the Grand Prix at the 1955 Sao Paulo Bienal.