Hans, or Jean Arp as he was known in France, was a sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist from Alsace. He was a founding member of the Dada and Surrealist movements and originator of the Paris-based group Abstraction-Création. During the 1930s, Arp produced several small works made of multiple elements that the viewer could pick up, separate, and rearrange into new configurations. Arp was awarded the main sculpture prize at the 1954 Venice Biennale and one of two main sculpture prizes at the 1964 Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Paintings and Sculpture. In 1958, a retrospective of Arp's work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, followed by an exhibition at the Musée National d'art Moderne in 1962. It consisted of sculptures, reliefs and seldom-exhibited oil paintings, drawings, collages, prints and textiles. The Musée d'art Moderne et Contemporain de Strasbourg houses many of his paintings and sculptures.