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Joan Miro

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1893- 1983



Biography

Joan Miró was a central figure to the 20th-century avant-garde. The Spanish artist’s innovative use of line, organic shapes, and color is seen to represent a major tenet of Surrealist art: to make...

Joan Miró was a central figure to the 20th-century avant-garde. The Spanish artist’s innovative use of line, organic shapes, and color is seen to represent a major tenet of Surrealist art: to make work that liberates the creative potential of one’s unconscious mind. His playful imagery and linear markings bring out the fantastical in his abstract paintings. Also a sculptor and collagist, Miró’s influenced much of post-war art, including Abstract Expressionism and Robert Rauschenberg’s work. A move to Paris in 1920 brought the artist into Surrealist circles, befriending André Breton and working with Max Ernst, Jean Arp, and André Masson. Born Joan Miró i Ferrà on April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain, the artist has had several major retrospectives since his first in 1941 at The Museum of Modern Art in New York, before and after his death in Palm, Mallorca, Spain on December, 25, 1983 at the age of 90. He has been the recipient of the Venice Biennale Grand Prix in 1954 and was awarded the Spanish Gold Medal of Fine Arts in 1980. (from artnet)