Victor Varsarely was born in Hungary and studied at the Podolini-Volkmann Academy and Sándor Bortnyik's műhely. He moved to Paris in 1930 where he worked as a graphic artist and began to produce art using optical illusions. He is widely regarded as the father of Op Art. Many of his works are geometric abstractions, using a minimum of colors and forms. He produced kinetic images, paintings, sculptures, and a series of serigraphs that were flown in space by the Salyut 7. In 1964 he won the Guggenheim Prize and in 1970 was awarded the French Chevalier de L'Ordre de la Légion d'honneur. There is one Vasarely Museum at his birthplace in Pécs, Hungary, and another in Zichy Palace in Budapest.