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Early Civilizations

Camels and pyramids


Ever wondered why we do some of the things we do? We can take a look back in time to see how structures were made and who made them. Do we still use some of these same techniques today? What can we learn about ancient cultures from what they left behind? And what can ancient cultures teach us about ourselves?

Do you enjoy building? The Ancient Romans built the aqueducts, stone structures used to transport water over long distances from lakes and rivers to towns and cities.

The Ancient Egyptians, were well known for their pyramids, as well as their massive statues and structures. But why are the pyramids, well… pyramids? Why aren’t they round or square? There are some very good reasons! If you were in charge of the building of a tomb, what shapes would you use?

Are you good at Math? You too could be a modern day Mayan! Have you ever wondered how the Mayan calendar worked? Or how their temples were built? Learn more about this ancient culture and about different numbering systems at the same time.

People from Medieval Europe had excellent blacksmithing skills. This early civilization knew everything there was to know about protecting their land and castles. If you are interested in weaponry and horses, this is the civilization for you.

Do you want to be a doctor? The citizens of Ancient China mixed herbs and treated the sick and wounded using wide range of techniques, many of which are still used today all over the world.

No matter what your interests, there is an early civilization that will fascinate you and inspire more discovery. Check out these resources to find out about the Earth’s ancestral people, what they did and how it impacts our lives today.

--Trish Boyd @ Idea Exchange, Hespeler

Click on one of the pictures or links below to find our recommended resources:

The VikingsAncient MayaAztecs and IncasEgyptiansLife in a Medieval CastleAncient China

Life During the Great Civilizations
Learn about the everyday lives of the Egyptians, the Celts, and the Vikings, focusing on transportation, agriculture, housing, communication, religion, technology, innovation, and culture.

Ancient Civilizations
Discover the political, cultural and social history of the ancient civilizations, including the Greeks, Romans, Maya, and Vikings.

Children in History
Discover the everyday lives of children in ancient civilizations, focusing on what it was like to go to school, play, and grow up.

Picture the Past
Learn about the everyday lives of people in different places, including life in a Greek temple, a medieval castle, a pioneer homestead, and an underground railway.

Tales of the Dead
Discover secrets of past civilizations, including ancient China, Greece, and Rome, featuring timelines and colourful illustrations.

Canadian Encyclopedia
Canadian Encyclopedia

Your best source of info on Canadian topics. Use the search box to find in-depth articles from the Canadian Encyclopedia, Maclean's Magazine, Canadian Encyclopedia of Music, and TV and radio spots such as Historica Minutes.

Early Civilizations for Kids
Early Civilizations for Kids

Look here for information on ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, China and India as well as other early civilizations. Includes the Incas and the Mayas. Includes biographies on famous people. Good for grades 4-8.

World History for Kids
World History for Kids

Look here for information on history and historical biographies. Great for grades 4-8.

World Book
World Book

The full print encyclopedia plus additional articles, videos, sound clips and links to websites.

BBC History The Romans
Learn all about the Romans.

PBS Secrets of the Lost Empires
Discover forgotten secrets of early civilizations.

PBS The Greeks
Learn about the Greeks.

PBS The Roman Empire
More about the Romans.

PBS The Lost King of the Maya
Learn about the Mayan civilization.

BBC The Vikings
Explore the world of the Vikings.